30
Jul
10

Paper: ¿tarjetas de crédito como generadoras de desigualdad?

Who Gains and Who Loses from Credit Card Payments? Theory and Calibrations
Abstract
Merchant fees and reward programs generate an implicit monetary transfer to credit cardusers from non-card (or “cash”) users because merchants generally do not set differential prices for card users to recoup the costs of fees and rewards. On average, each cash-using household pays $151 to card-using households and each card-using household receives $1,482 from cash users every year. Because credit card spending and rewards are positively correlated with household income, the payment instrument transfer also induces a regressive transfer from low-income to high-income households in general. On average, and after accounting for rewards paid to households by banks, the lowest-income household ($20,000 or ess annually) pays $23 and the highest-income household ($150,000 or more annually)receives $756 every year. We build and calibrate a model of consumer payment choice tocompute the effects of merchant fees and card rewards on consumer welfare. Reducing merchant fees and card rewards would likely increase consumer welfare.
Link al Paper

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